Roulette is a casino game named after the French word meaning little wheel.Needless to say this wheel itself has been the subject of much interest and mythology, having been the place where hopes were pinned and fortunes won or lost over the centuries.It is the most quintessential of casino games.It is also more complicated than most imagine – it’s not simply about putting it all on red or black.So if you’re new to the world of roulette, here’s a strategy guide.
In the game, players may choose to place bets on either a single number, various groupings of numbers, the colors red or black, whether the number is odd or even, or if the numbers are high (19–36) or low (1–18). Interestingly, the sum of all the numbers on the roulette wheel (from 0 to 36) is 666, which is the "Number of the Beast
To determine the winning number and color, a croupier spins a wheel in one direction, then spins a ball in the opposite direction around a tilted circular track running around the circumference of the wheel. The ball eventually loses momentum, passes through an area of deflectors, and falls onto the wheel and into one of 37 (in French/European style roulette) or 38 (in American style roulette) colored and numbered pockets on the wheel.
The wheel contains the numbers 1-36 in alternating red and black pockets and either one of two zero pockets (the 0 and 00). The single zero wheel is commonplace outside the Americas where the double zero wheel is favoured, which confers a slightly higher house advantage. In fact, that additional 00 pocket doubles the house edge in the long run. At some point zero and double zero were given a green square to clearly distinguish them.
The order of the numbers on the roulette wheel has nothing to do with their arithmetic value. This is one of the secrets that makes roulette such a balanced game – at least in theory. The sequence of numbers is carefully designed, and manages to accomplish several things at once:
The cloth covered betting area on a roulette table is known as the layout. The layout is either single zero or double zero. The European style layout has a single zero, and the American style layout is usually a double zero. The American style roulette table with a wheel at one end is now used in most casinos. The French style table with a wheel in the centre and a layout on either side is rarely found outside of Monte Carlo.
The layout is where all chips change hands.